low FODMAP recipe book

Slow Cooked Pork Shoulder Steaks with Low-FODMAP Vegetable Sauce

Early spring and slow-cooking go hand in glove. It’s cold and it can sometimes be a struggle to ever remember what it’s like to have a light evenings. In the evening you need a meal to be ready on your return, welcoming you back with its warming aromas. This easy dish is ideal for rice, jacket potatoes, mash or even poured over crusty low-FODMAP bread.

You can use chicken, beef or vegetable stock, do check the ingredients for high FODMAP's if you are not using homemade. If you do not have a slow cooker bake in a heavy lidded casserole at 160°C for 3-4 hours. Use 400ml of stock, checking regularly to make sure it doesn’t dry out.

That's some parsnip puree hiding in the background.

That's some parsnip puree hiding in the background.

Serves 4

1 tbsp. garlic oil

250g carrots

4 pork shoulder steaks (around 600g)

10 sprigs of thyme

480g tomatoes

250ml stock

Large pinch of salt flakes

Freshly ground black pepper to taste.

Peel and slice the carrots. Slice the tomatoes into 4 horizontally. Cut out the stalk from each top slice of each tomato. Warm the oil in a frying pan over a medium high heat. Fry the carrots, stirring often for 3 minutes. Put the carrots in the slow cooker. Fry the shoulder steaks off in the frying pan for one minute each side. Place the steaks on top of the carrots. Add the tomatoes to the frying pan and fry for a minute on each side. Scatter the thyme sprigs and salt flakes over the steaks then cover with the tomatoes. Return the pan to the heat and pour in the stock. Scrape any stuck-on juices from the bottom of the pan into the stock and pour into the slow-cooker.

Cook on low for 8-9 hours. Using a fish slice or slotted spoon, gently lift the steaks out of the vegetables onto a warm plate. They may break up a little but you can reassemble on the plate. Remove the woody thyme sprigs from the vegetables. Using a hand-held blender, whizz up everything left in the slow-cooker until smooth. Season to taste. Serve the steaks with the sauce poured over the top – yum!

Low-FODMAP servings

Common tomato – 119g

Pork –

Garlic Oil - Oil should be infused with garlic to keep the FODMAP’s out!

Thyme, salt, pepper – FODMAP safe

Carrots – FODMAP’s are not detected in this food. Eat freely and according to appetite

 

Roast Radishes Recipe - Low-FODMAP and a whole new shade of pink

I love the colour-way of a radish; bright fuschia globes with a crisp white interior standing out on any salad platter. But how best to eat a radish in February? I have boiled radishes in broths but they lose their colour. Roasting radishes however, brings an entirely different shade to my gastronomic colour-scheme. They become pink, so terribly, terribly pink! It’s worth mentioning they taste nice too, slightly peppery, ever so slightly crunchy and slightly sweetened by the experience. Serve with baked fish for the prettiest little plate you ever did see.  

Serves 4

250g radishes, topped and tailed

1 tbsp. extra virgin olive oil

Large pinch of sea salt flakes

1 tsp. fresh thyme leaves

Few grinds of black pepper

 

Preheat the oven to 225°C.

In a small baking tin, toss all the ingredients together. Bake for 15 minutes, turning over halfway through. If the radishes are particularly large you may need to bake for a further 5 minutes. Serve on a warm plate.

Low-FODMAP servings

Radish – FODMAP’s were not detected in this food. Eat freely and according to appetite.

Olive oil – high in fat and does not contain carbohydrates

Salt, thyme, pepper – FODMAP safe

 

 

 

Baked Swede ‘Chips’* (Rutabaga) - Low-FODMAP, gluten-free recipe

I’ve lost track of the times I’ve had social media conversations about swedes (that’s the root vegetable, not the Scandinavians!) Outside of the UK this root vegetable is known as rutabaga, from the old Swedish word ‘rotabagge’ which roughly translates as ‘short, stumpy root’. Sounds so appealing! Parts of the UK call these swedes (from ‘Swedish turnip’) but some areas call this a turnip (not to be confused with white turnips.) In Scotland they are called neeps, unless you’re in an area where they’re called baigie or tumshie. Confused much?!

If nothing else, this complex introduction shows how deeply ingrained this useful vegetable has become in British cuisine since C18th. I’ve added the ubiquitous turmeric to really bring out the colour of the golden flesh. The strong flavour of the swede can take the fragrant punch of the rosemary.

Now the difficult portion control bit - a low-FODMAP serving is 65g. An average swede is 800g. I have chosen to cook the entire swede as my family are happy to eat more than I am allowed. There is also the option to freeze any leftovers. I layer mine between greaseproof paper in an airtight container. Keep the chips apart and it will be quicker to defrost a single portion to add to a lunch. As a guide, I weighed the chips and 5 1x8cm chips came in as a low-FODMAP serving.

These work well as a side to my Cheese and ‘Onion’ Potato Bake.

Swede Chips with Termerick and Rosemary-104.jpg

800g swede

1.5 tbsp. olive oil

1 heaped tbsp. fresh rosemary needles

½ tsp. turmeric

½ tsp. sea salt flakes

¼ tsp. freshly ground black pepper

Pre-heat a standard oven to 220°C. Peel the swede and cut into 1cm wide chips. Place the oil in a large baking tray, add the remaining ingredients and turn everything over until all well covered and in one layer .

Bake for 30 minutes, turning over halfway through.

*I could have gone on about the international differences in ‘chips’ but it felt like a bridge too far. I mean a British style chip as opposed to a ‘crisp’…

 

Buttered Fish Broth - Low-FODMAP recipe

Thankfully butter is low-FODMAP and I feel no fear about throwing it into my food at the slightest opportunity. If you are a ghee advocate then do please substitute for the butter. The benefit of this dish is that it does not require a fish stock. As the hot water reduces it almost emulsifies with the butter to turn it a delicate, primrose yellow. The flavour will intensify as it reduces. As an addendum, I have made this with a frozen fish portions putting the frozen fish straight into the water. I can’t say it has altered the flavour at all, but it has made my life easier when I’ve forgotten to defrost any fish! I’ve given you the recipe for 2 portions, as I’ve realised not all of you are feeding a family of four, but you can easily multiply the recipe. I serve this on its own for a light meal or in a bowl over rice for a main meal, (see picture for both options). If you can find some good low-FODMAP crusty bread, it works as a delicious mop for the yellowy broth. 

In light of the news of vegetable shortages, I've had to rethink this month's recipes! If you cannot find baby spinach, look for some homegrown perpetual spinach. It will need a good wash, tough stems removing and a slightly longer cooking time but will still be terrifically good for you.

Right-hand bowl is without rice, left-hand bowl is with rice

Right-hand bowl is without rice, left-hand bowl is with rice

2 portions of firm white fish such as haddock or cod each weighing between 120g-150g

700ml water

Bay leaf

2 large sprigs of thyme

8 peppercorns

40g butter

120g peeled diced carrot

70g baby leaf spinach

Small handful of basil, shredded

Salt and freshly ground black pepper for seasoning

 

If you are serving with rice, start cooking this while you prepare the broth. Warm two soup bowls.

Place the fish in a medium sized pan with the bay leaf, peppercorns, thyme and water. Bring to the boil, cover and turn down to a simmer for 6-7 minutes, until the fish flakes easily. It is difficult to be exact, as the cooking time will depend on the thickness of the fillet.

Using a slotted spoon, remove the fish from the pan and place in a soup bowl. Skim out and discard the peppercorns and bay leaf from the water. Add the butter and carrots to the pan and bring to the boil, uncovered. Reduce the water by half, stirring occasionally to blend the butter. Meanwhile, flake the fish by hand, removing any skin or bones

When the broth has reduced, stir in the spinach and basil. Cover and allow to wilt for a minute. Remove from the heat. Take out the woody thyme sprigs but leave any thyme leaves. Add the flaked fish back into the pan then taste and adjust the seasoning. If you are using rice, place a portion in each bowl before sharing the broth between the bowls.

Low-FODMAP servings

Fish is high in protein and does not contain carbohydrates.

Butter is high in fat and does not contain carbohydrates.

Carrot – Eat freely and according to appetite – suggested serving 61g.

Spinach – 38g

Basmati rice – 190g (I used 150g of cooked basmati rice as a serving)

Basil – 16g

 

Low-FODMAP Cheese and 'Onion' Potato Bake - Yes, FODMAP friendly onion flavoured recipe!

ONION?! A low-FODMAP blog suggesting an onion recipe? Have I not read the guidelines?!

Well yes dear readers I know the guidelines but I also know that oil and water don’t mix. The FODMAPs in onion responsible for making our tummies miserable are oligos-fructans and they remain in the water of the onion (or garlic). By infusing oil with onions and then discarding the onions, the oligos-fructans stay with the water, in the onion, in the bin. There are many how-to videos about how to infuse oil all over the internet. (No-nonsense eHow example hereYou can certainly use the oil straight away but do take care particularly when making your own garlic oil. It is fine to use straight away but there is a risk of botulism if you store it for more than 3 days. 

Although I use shop-bought garlic infused oil regularly, onion oil is one I have to make. Imagine how thrilled I was to receive a bottle of Cobram's roasted onion infused extra virgin olive oil, bringing Australian sunshine to our British chilly midwinter. I love ‘playing’ with new ingredients, one of my little games tasted just like cheese and onion crisps – I didn’t realise that I had even missed cheese and onion crisps! Realising whatever I was going to do with the oil was now going to have to include cheese, I set to work.

Crunchy on top, squidgy in the middle.

Crunchy on top, squidgy in the middle.

You can get ahead of yourself and boil the potatoes the day before. The dish involves very little effort, 20 minutes boiling, 15 minutes baking and only 3 minutes actively assembling. I simply serve this with a Help-Yourself Salad Platter, which can be prepped while the potatoes bake. You should also know, this makes delicious leftover-lunches.

1 kg charlotte potatoes (you could also use Jersey Royals, or another waxy new potato)

240g mature Cheddar cheese, grated

1 tbsp. extra virgin olive oil

3 tbsp. onion infused extra virgin olive oil

1 tsp. fresh thyme leaves

Freshly ground black pepper

Pre-heat a standard oven to 240°C. Boil then simmer, the whole potatoes for 15-20 minutes until they are tender to a knife-point. Drain the potatoes then stand them in a colander for 5 minutes to cool and dry.

In a large baking dish (mine measures 28cm x 19cm), put the olive oil with one tablespoon of the onion oil. Tip the dish to cover the base in the oil. Tumble the potatoes into the dish and press lightly with a potato masher until the skins have burst and there is an even layer of crushed potatoes. Sprinkle over two thirds of the cheese, the thyme, the remaining onion oil and black pepper to taste. Using your hand, turn everything over until it is thoroughly jumbled. Sprinkle over the remaining cheese.

Bake for 15 minutes, until the top is golden and crunchy. 

Low-FODMAP servings

Potato - Eat freely and according to appetite – suggested serving 122g.

Cheddar Cheese – 40g

Olive Oil is high in fat and does not contain carbohydrates.