healthy

Buttered Fish Broth - Low-FODMAP recipe

Thankfully butter is low-FODMAP and I feel no fear about throwing it into my food at the slightest opportunity. If you are a ghee advocate then do please substitute for the butter. The benefit of this dish is that it does not require a fish stock. As the hot water reduces it almost emulsifies with the butter to turn it a delicate, primrose yellow. The flavour will intensify as it reduces. As an addendum, I have made this with a frozen fish portions putting the frozen fish straight into the water. I can’t say it has altered the flavour at all, but it has made my life easier when I’ve forgotten to defrost any fish! I’ve given you the recipe for 2 portions, as I’ve realised not all of you are feeding a family of four, but you can easily multiply the recipe. I serve this on its own for a light meal or in a bowl over rice for a main meal, (see picture for both options). If you can find some good low-FODMAP crusty bread, it works as a delicious mop for the yellowy broth. 

In light of the news of vegetable shortages, I've had to rethink this month's recipes! If you cannot find baby spinach, look for some homegrown perpetual spinach. It will need a good wash, tough stems removing and a slightly longer cooking time but will still be terrifically good for you.

Right-hand bowl is without rice, left-hand bowl is with rice

Right-hand bowl is without rice, left-hand bowl is with rice

2 portions of firm white fish such as haddock or cod each weighing between 120g-150g

700ml water

Bay leaf

2 large sprigs of thyme

8 peppercorns

40g butter

120g peeled diced carrot

70g baby leaf spinach

Small handful of basil, shredded

Salt and freshly ground black pepper for seasoning

 

If you are serving with rice, start cooking this while you prepare the broth. Warm two soup bowls.

Place the fish in a medium sized pan with the bay leaf, peppercorns, thyme and water. Bring to the boil, cover and turn down to a simmer for 6-7 minutes, until the fish flakes easily. It is difficult to be exact, as the cooking time will depend on the thickness of the fillet.

Using a slotted spoon, remove the fish from the pan and place in a soup bowl. Skim out and discard the peppercorns and bay leaf from the water. Add the butter and carrots to the pan and bring to the boil, uncovered. Reduce the water by half, stirring occasionally to blend the butter. Meanwhile, flake the fish by hand, removing any skin or bones

When the broth has reduced, stir in the spinach and basil. Cover and allow to wilt for a minute. Remove from the heat. Take out the woody thyme sprigs but leave any thyme leaves. Add the flaked fish back into the pan then taste and adjust the seasoning. If you are using rice, place a portion in each bowl before sharing the broth between the bowls.

Low-FODMAP servings

Fish is high in protein and does not contain carbohydrates.

Butter is high in fat and does not contain carbohydrates.

Carrot – Eat freely and according to appetite – suggested serving 61g.

Spinach – 38g

Basmati rice – 190g (I used 150g of cooked basmati rice as a serving)

Basil – 16g

 

Hearty Adaptable Soup-Stew with Turmeric - Low-FODMAP recipe

A winter-warmer I’ve been eating at any given opportunity. Although the recipe seems like a very basic vegetable soup, the herbs and spices all have their nutritional place.

I deliberately don’t add the ‘protein of choice’ until the end. You can portion up the soup and freeze for quick, filling lunches. By adding your protein just before serving, you can ring the changes and have a different lunch each time; simply re-heat the soup-stew and stir in. We still have air-dried ham leftover from Christmas which I diced up to use for the picture. You can of course use a mixture of several proteins. I hope you will experiment and see how adaptable this soup is!

Serves 6

1 litre stock chicken, beef or vegetable stock or if you have some, bone broth.

1 tbsp. coconut oil

240g carrots, peeled and diced

220g parsnips, peeled and diced

Thyme, 5 sprigs

440g potato, peeled and diced (all rounders, such as Desiree)

2 tomatoes, each cut into 8

3 sage leaves, shredded

½ tsp. ground black pepper

¼ tsp. sea salt flakes

3 sage leaves shredded

½ tsp. turmeric

Very large handful of curly leaf parsley finely chopped (30g of leaves)

 

The following measures are given per person. Add to heat through, before serving.

70g chopped, cooked chicken, beef, ham, turkey or pork

46g well rinsed, canned lentils

42g well rinsed, canned chickpeas

40g air-dried ham

 

Warm the coconut oil in a large pan over a medium high heat. Add the carrots, parsnips and thyme sprigs, and cook for 3 minutes, stirring regularly. Add the potatoes, tomatoes, sage, turmeric, pepper and salt before cooking and stirring for a further 2 minutes, making sure it doesn’t catch on the bottom of the pan. Stir in stock, cover and bring to the boil before turning down to a simmer for 20 minutes. Remove the woody thyme stalks. The soup will be cooked now but if it needs to stand for a while, it won’t harm, the flavours will simply mellow together.

If you are freezing this, stir in the parsley and cool fully before portioning it up. If you are serving now, add your chosen protein to heat through and stir in the parsley at the last minute.

Low-FODMAP servings

Parsnip - Eat freely and according to appetite – suggested serving 62g.

Carrot – Eat freely and according to appetite – suggested serving 61g.

Potato - Eat freely and according to appetite – suggested serving 122g.

Tomato – Common, eat freely and according to appetite – suggested serving 119g.

Canned chickpeas – 42g

Canned lentils – 46g

Meat is high in protein and does not contain carbohydrates. Check ingredients of processed meats for high-FODMAP ingredients.

Low-FODMAP Cheese and 'Onion' Potato Bake - Yes, FODMAP friendly onion flavoured recipe!

ONION?! A low-FODMAP blog suggesting an onion recipe? Have I not read the guidelines?!

Well yes dear readers I know the guidelines but I also know that oil and water don’t mix. The FODMAPs in onion responsible for making our tummies miserable are oligos-fructans and they remain in the water of the onion (or garlic). By infusing oil with onions and then discarding the onions, the oligos-fructans stay with the water, in the onion, in the bin. There are many how-to videos about how to infuse oil all over the internet. (No-nonsense eHow example hereYou can certainly use the oil straight away but do take care particularly when making your own garlic oil. It is fine to use straight away but there is a risk of botulism if you store it for more than 3 days. 

Although I use shop-bought garlic infused oil regularly, onion oil is one I have to make. Imagine how thrilled I was to receive a bottle of Cobram's roasted onion infused extra virgin olive oil, bringing Australian sunshine to our British chilly midwinter. I love ‘playing’ with new ingredients, one of my little games tasted just like cheese and onion crisps – I didn’t realise that I had even missed cheese and onion crisps! Realising whatever I was going to do with the oil was now going to have to include cheese, I set to work.

Crunchy on top, squidgy in the middle.

Crunchy on top, squidgy in the middle.

You can get ahead of yourself and boil the potatoes the day before. The dish involves very little effort, 20 minutes boiling, 15 minutes baking and only 3 minutes actively assembling. I simply serve this with a Help-Yourself Salad Platter, which can be prepped while the potatoes bake. You should also know, this makes delicious leftover-lunches.

1 kg charlotte potatoes (you could also use Jersey Royals, or another waxy new potato)

240g mature Cheddar cheese, grated

1 tbsp. extra virgin olive oil

3 tbsp. onion infused extra virgin olive oil

1 tsp. fresh thyme leaves

Freshly ground black pepper

Pre-heat a standard oven to 240°C. Boil then simmer, the whole potatoes for 15-20 minutes until they are tender to a knife-point. Drain the potatoes then stand them in a colander for 5 minutes to cool and dry.

In a large baking dish (mine measures 28cm x 19cm), put the olive oil with one tablespoon of the onion oil. Tip the dish to cover the base in the oil. Tumble the potatoes into the dish and press lightly with a potato masher until the skins have burst and there is an even layer of crushed potatoes. Sprinkle over two thirds of the cheese, the thyme, the remaining onion oil and black pepper to taste. Using your hand, turn everything over until it is thoroughly jumbled. Sprinkle over the remaining cheese.

Bake for 15 minutes, until the top is golden and crunchy. 

Low-FODMAP servings

Potato - Eat freely and according to appetite – suggested serving 122g.

Cheddar Cheese – 40g

Olive Oil is high in fat and does not contain carbohydrates.